What Is Cyber Security And Why Does It Matter?
Crimes are not only committed physically but on the internet as well. Now how to deal with such crimes? What precautionary measures should we take? Let us understand what cybersecurity actually means.
Cybersecurity is the process of protecting and recovering computer systems, networks, devices, and programs from any type of cyberattack. It is a practice of defending servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks, and data from malicious attacks. It is also known as information technology security or electronic information security.
IMPORTANCE OF CYBER SECURITY
Cyber-attacks are increasing day by day. The matter of fact is whether you are an individual, small business, or large organization, you rely on computer systems every day. No matter how small your work is everything is mostly done on computers. This increases the risk of cyberattacks. To deal with such a mishap’s cybersecurity is a must.
Organizations like banks, government, military, and health care collect and store very sensitive information. Such data should not be leaked no matter what, because it contains information like personal details, bank details, financial details, etc. companies and organizations safeguarding such sensitive information needs to take precautionary steps as soon as possible.
TYPES OS CYBER THREATS
Malware means any software which is specially designed to cause damage to a computer or computer network. It is designed to gain unauthorized access to a computer system so that hackers can easily access all the sensitive details stored in a computer.
A computer virus is a malicious software program downloaded into a user’s computer without his or her knowledge. By doing so your computer or mobile devices get hacked by hackers so that they can misuse your personal information. Usually, the ransom is asked in order to protect your information from getting leaked.
A trojan is a type of malware that is often disguised as legitimate software. Trojans can be employed by cyber-thieves and hackers to gain access to the user’s system. Users are typically tricked and installed such software. Once it is installed hackers can steal your sensitive data. Trojans include deleting data, blocking data, modifying data, and copying of data.
Spyware is unwanted software installed on your computer or mobile devices to steal your internet usage data and sensitive information. Spyware is used for many purposes. Usually, it aims to capture your credit card or bank account information so that they can misuse it by withdrawing all your money from the bank.
Ransomware is malware that threatens to publish the victim’s data unless a ransom is paid. Hackers get access to all your photos videos. Sometimes if a person is unable to pay ransom money hackers photoshop their pictures and upload it on unwanted websites.
Adware is a term used to describe unwanted software that displays advertisements on your device. It is a program that is installed without permission from the users. This program disrupts your browsing experience in the form of excessive advertisements, flashing pop-up windows, banners, and autoplay commercial videos.
Phishing is a type of attack that attempts to obtain sensitive information or data such as usernames, passwords, and credit card details by disguising oneself as a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication. Typically carried out by emails and text messages.
8. MAN IN THE MIDDLE ATTACK
Man in the middle attack is a cyberattack where the attacker secretly alters the communication between two parties who believe that they are directly communicating with each other. This mainly happens when two people communicate with each other on an unauthorized site or apps.
9. DENIAL OF SERVICE ATTACK
A denial of service attack is an attack meant to shut down a machine or network, making it inaccessible to its users. The attack usually floods the service with so much traffic or data that no one else can use it until the hackers have access to all the information on your device.
CYBER SAFETY TIPS
How can businesses and individuals guard themselves against such cyber-attacks? Here are some cyber safety tips and to know more about it, check out this course that will help you set the base right, https://shrexlearning.com/courses/introduction-to-cybersecurity/
- Update your software and operating system
- Use anti-virus software
- Use strong passwords
- Do not open emails attachments from unknown senders
- Do not click on links in email from unknown senders or unfamiliar website
- Avoid using unprotected wifi networks in public places
- Keep your privacy settings on
- Make sure your internet connection Is secure
- Be careful what you download
- Keep your antivirus program up to date
The internet is growing day by day and so are the cyber criminals. One must take all the precautionary measures in order to safeguard their devices from getting hacked.